Roulette Wheel & Table
Roulette is one of the oldest and most played games in casinos today. There are three main versions of the game that serve as archetypes for any new variation – European, French, and American. Even though there are many similarities between all three versions, it is the subtle details in the layout, wheel, and table that make each game unique. With some practice, you will learn how to tell the minor gameplay-altering conditions yourself. To help you out, we have collected all the important information you would need before you start on your own roulette journey.
The Main Components of the Roulette Wheel
Even though the roulette wheel may look straightforward in execution and gameplay, it’s the result of a delicate and careful manufacturing process. The roulette games you will find in casinos these days consist of 300 separate parts carefully fitted into each other to create an unbiased and randomized outcome. Interestingly, the wheel was invented in the 18th century in France and it hasn’t changed in terms of mechanics. The only real changes to the wheel have been the sectors and their positions across the three main versions. For the most part, though, all colors and numbers are very much in the same place.
- 1.Turret – the top rotatable part of the wheel
- 2.Turret Base – the part that houses the turret
- 3.Height Adjuster – a mechanism adjusting the height of the turret
- 4.Wheel Head – part of the upper and lower bearing
- 5.Ball Pocket – where the ball lands at the end of each spin
- 6.Upper Bearing – part of the bowl
- 7.Cone – directs the ball in the playing section of the wheel
- 8.Ball Deflector – obstacles for the ball to bounce off
- 9.Ball Track – the place where the ball bounces during each spin
- 10.Lower Ball Track – the part of the wheel for the deflectors
- 11.Spindle – the slot for the rotating wheel head
- 12.Bowl Rim – the place of the wheel for the cone
- 13.Lower Bearing – an element of the bowl
- 14.Bowl – the part that houses the wheel
American Roulette Wheel & Table
The American version of the game is the one that truly stands out from the rest. The game is also referred to as “double zero” roulette owing to the two 0’s that appear on the wheel. This, in turn, pushes the total number of ball pockets to 38, instead of the traditional 37, but it also affects the payout. The house edge in American roulette is in fact 5.26%, one of the highest. Another peculiarity of the American wheel is that the numbers are stacked in a way that places high numbers next to each other, which is not the case with European roulette.
European Roulette Wheel & Table
European roulette is often what we refer to as traditional roulette, and as such, it has some differences to the American version. Specifically, in the wheel distribution of black and red colored pocket balls as well as the fact that there is only a single zero. As a result of the single zero layout, players can enjoy a lower house edge – only 2.7%.
Most players agree that the European roulette is also less biased, as it successfully distributes colors and numbers across its wheel in an even and symmetric way that eliminates any doubt about predetermination in the possible outcomes.
- Jeu 0 (Zero Game). Zero game or Jeu 0 is a type of bet that includes the same numbers as those available nearby, but the layout is slightly different. The numbers and their exact order are 12-35-3-26-0-32-15. The chance of winning a Jeu 0 bet is 18.92%.
- Voisins du Zero (Neighbors of Zero). The Voisins du Zero describes the bet that is placed on 17 numbers between 22 and 25 on the wheel, and specifically: 22-18-29-7-28-12-35-3-26-0-32-15-19-4-21-2-25. To place a Voisins du Zero bet, a player must prepare at least nine chips, with two of those chips placed in corners and one chip placed for five splits.
- Tiers du Cylindre (Third of the Wheel). The Tiers du Cylindre bet or Third of the Wheel covers 12 numbers that are located on the opposite side of the wheel between the numbers 27 and 33. The bet includes the 27 and 33 themselves. Specifically, the bet includes the following numbers: 27-13-36-11-30-8-23-10-5-24-16-33. This bet involves six split bets.
- Les Orphelins (Orphans). The Orphans bet contains eight numbers which include 17-34-6 and 1-20-31-9. Since these numbers aren’t included in any other combination, they have taken the name Orphans which describes them so aptly.
French Roulette Table & Wheel
French roulette shares many similarities with European roulette, and not least the wheel. As a single zero version of the game, the house edge is one of the best you will find and, thanks to the additional rules known as La Partage and En Prison, players can squeeze an extra advantage in, known as house edge.
French roulette should have a 2.70% house edge, but thanks to the La Partage/En Prison provisos, every time you hit a zero, you have a chance to either keep your bet or just withdraw half of your money. This pushes down the house edge to 1.34%, giving players an even better chance to win.
Roulette Wheel & Table Manufacturers
Most online casinos will offer you either European and American roulette, but if pressed, players will most likely stick with the European version. Go to a land-based casino, however, and things may change a bit. Thanks to years of experience, some roulette wheel & table manufacturers have established themselves as household names, developing and delivering the best gaming products for casino patrons to enjoy. They include brands such as TCS John Huxley which was acquired by the TCS concern as a hallmark of the manufacturer’s prowess. Another famous company is Cammegh which remains as one of the best and most respected independent developers. The third and equally impressive developers is Paul-Son, who was acquired by Gaming Partners.
Cammegh – Cammegh is a leader in the manufacturing process of roulette wheels and tables. Employing an expert team of 30 craftsmen and experts, the company creates bespoke, precision-engineering products establishing Cammegh as one of the household names in the industry.
TCS John Huxley – TCS John Huxley is an award-winning manufacturer and one of the leading developers and supplier of end-to-end live gaming solutions and services, with a particular focus on roulette. The company has offices in eight regions across the world and has won the International Gaming Awards 2011, Sands Suppliers Excellence Awards, Gaming Awards 2013, and a number of other distinctions.
Paul-Son – Paul-Son is an independent developer of casino solutions spanning the whole spectrum of solutions, including dice, playing cards, gaming seating, casino chips, and naturally table game layouts and roulette wheels. The company provides authentic products and remains one of the most respected independent developers in the industry.
The roulette best suited for beginners is without doubt French Roulette. This game allows players to minimize some of the house edge and push it down to 1.34% thanks to the En Prison and En Partage Rules. The game also offers a naturally lower house edge – only 2.70%, which is much lower than the American version of the game. The sequence of numbers and field of colors are also better spaced out across the wheel making for a more balanced game.
The reason why you don’t have a 50% chance betting on an outside bet is because of the zero. Because of the zero, your chance of winning an outside bet is 48.60% instead of 50%. When you add the second zero, your chance to win is reduced by an entire 5.26% which some players find too step. However, American roulette has its upsides, and specifically, a five-number bet, which some players find enjoyable and worth playing for even if the odds are against them.
Yes, you can calculate the odds and payouts for every type of bet you place. In fact, you don’t need to, as this has already been calculated for you for all main versions of the game. For example, we know that the odds of a straight bet in European roulette turning successful are 2.70%, but then again, the payout is 35:1, the biggest a roulette wheel and game have to offer. Similarly, an outside bet has a 48.60% in European roulette, but only 1:1 payout value.
European and French Roulette have a standard roulette table with a fixed number of numbers – 37. The 37 sectors include every number from 1 to 36 and the 0 which stays at the top of the table.
Announced and Call bets are only applicable to the European and French versions of the game. These bets are based not on the specific layout of the table but rather on the layout of the wheel. Here is a breakdown of these bets and the numbers they cover:
- Neighbors of Zero – 22, 18, 29, 7, 28, 12, 35, 3, 26, 0, 32, 15, 19, 4, 21, 2, 25
- Thirds of the Wheel – 27, 13, 36, 11, 30, 8, 23, 10, 5, 24, 16, 33
- Zero Game – 12, 35, 3, 26, 0, 32, 15
- The Orphans – 1, 20, 14, 9, 17, 34, 6